How does it work to plant melon in gardening? The management is simple, and the sweetness is high and the sweetness is high
Our Soilless Cultivated Boyang melon is now ripe for harvest. Using planting bags plus earthworm dung, a low-cost soilless cultivation method, 1000 planting bags are used per mu of land, and two seedlings are planted in one bag. There are 5-6 melons left in a melon, and there are 15 sweetness after the test, which can be said to have a good harvest of both yield and quality. Some melon farmers asked, what are the differences between soilless cultivation and soil planting?
- Soilless cultivation of melon can avoid many problems in soil planting. For example, if melon is planted in continuous cropping and soil, there will be dead trees and seedlings, and the disease cannot be controlled. After continuous planting for several years, it needs to be treated in closed shed and biological bacteria can be used to reduce the harm of continuous cropping, and the cost is relatively high. For example, the problem of wine heart. The melons of Boyang series taste good, but the soil is prone to wine heart, which affects the quality.
Replacing muskmelon with soilless cultivation can solve these two problems well. Scientific fertilization formula and balanced application of nutrient elements can prevent melon from calcium deficiency. During continuous cropping, after the substrate is watered with large amount of water, washed and sterilized, the seedlings can be replanted. Without leaving the soil, there will be no problem of continuous cropping, so as to reduce the occurrence of soil borne diseases. In addition, the survival rate of seedlings is high, and the root system is developed, laying the foundation for high yield.
- The yield and quality of melon are closely related to the management of water and fertilizer. Before harvest, some farmers will control water and fertilizer to improve the sweetness, but it will affect the growth of the second crop of melon and affect the yield. In soilless cultivation, through scientific fertilization formula, the fertilizer concentration can be controlled to promote fruit expansion, and the sweetness can be improved without controlling water and fertilizer. However, there are also differences between the two methods when watering and fertilizing. In contrast, soilless cultivation is easier to control water and fertilizer and improve yield and quality.
When the soil is planted, the melon is basically fertilized three or four times a crop. At the melon expansion stage, the amount of watering and topdressing is relatively large, and basically 10 tons of water and fertilizer need 30-40 Jin. This will cause the concentration around the root system of muskmelon to be too high, which is easy to damage the root, and the loss rate of water and fertilizer is high. After watering, it will diffuse to the ridge, and the humidity in the shed will increase, aggravating the occurrence of diseases.
When melon is cultivated in substrate, fertilizer should be brought with it almost every time, but the amount of water and fertilizer used each time is very small. Generally, the concentration of fertilizer in the early stage is 2, and the concentration of fertilizer in the late stage is 2.5, so the utilization rate of fertilizer and water is high. This is not only conducive to the absorption of roots, will not cause damage to roots, but also save water and fertilizer. The soil has good water retention, so it is impossible to do a small amount of watering and fertilization for many times.
Soilless cultivation seems to be a high investment and difficult to succeed planting method, which is not suitable for most farmers. Through planting comparison, we found that it broke the previous view. The yield and quality of melon have been improved, and the cost is getting lower and lower, and the management is also very simple.