Vegetable soilless cultivation is very popular, what are the advantages? After the comparison, it is obvious
"The current vegetable planting model is so new, directly without soil, what are the advantages of such planting?"The farmer said after visiting our farm.
Soless cultivation more and more, from the previous high model to low cost development, more suitable for ordinary farmers to grow. Soless cultivation of fruits and vegetables, more advantages, after several years of planting, there are 3 deep feelings, obvious advantages.
First, high output, high quality
We made a comparison, the same planting of early spring melon at the same time, but the cultivation methods are different, one uses substrate cultivation, the other uses soil cultivation. Matrix cultivated melon is grown stronger than soil cultivated plants, and in the morning market for a week, there is no wine heart situation, high sweetness. In addition, in July, the soil-grown melons had already been plucked, and another substrate-grown greenhouse was still growing, with higher yields.
Because the soil has strong water retention, it can not balance the relationship between water, nutrients and oxygen, more water, contact with oxygen is reduced, and the root growth is poor. No matter which kind of substrate is used, the air permeability is better than the soil, which can create a suitable growth environment for the root growth. The root system grows well, the ground part can be strong, slow seedling fast, grow fast, melon early, and good commodity. Soilless cultivation provides very good growth conditions for vegetables, and is conducive to improving the yield and quality.
Second, there are fewer pests and diseases
Before our soil planting tomatoes, cucumbers, root knot nematodes, root rot and other soil-borne diseases are very serious. When there is a crack in the stalk, the bacteria will infect the plant along the wound, and the older dead seedlings will die. Soil planting, watering loss, humidity in the greenhouse increased, also prone to gray mildew.
soilless cultivation of vegetables, planting trough can isolate the bacteria in the soil, eggs, reduce the occurrence of pests and diseases, reduce the use of pesticides. In addition, to solve the problem of heavy soil stubble, soilless cultivation utilization rate of water and fertilizer is high, changed the soil watering turnover rate is high, fertilization can not go into the situation. After each crop of harvest, the substrate should be disinfected and rinsed to prepare for the next crop of planting.
Third, save labor and effort
Before soil planting, to plow, ridge, labor and effort. Planting for two or three years, but also for soil treatment, stuffy shed disinfection. The utilization rate of water and fertilizer is low, only many times fertilizer, cost water and fertilizer, and need more labor.
Soless cultivation does not need to plow, the substrate is reused, stubble is also very convenient, saving a lot of labor. In addition, the greenhouse is equipped with automatic watering and fertilization equipment, such as watering once every two hours, only to set up, open the switch can be, save labor and effort, the utilization rate of water and fertilizer is also very high.
Soless cultivation of fruits and vegetables, the above three advantages are very obvious, changed the cultivation mode, to avoid the problems of soil planting. Now the cost of soilless cultivation is also very low, the choice of good resources, is a low investment and high efficiency of the cultivation mode.